A1 and A1(M)

The A1 is the UK's longest numbered road and probably its most famous. The numbering system for A-roads, devised in the early 1920s, was based around patterns of roads radiating from two hubs at London and Edinburgh. The first number in the system, A1, was given to the most important part of that system: the road from London to Edinburgh, joining the two central points of the system and linking the UK's (then) two mainland capital cities.

Today, the ancient Great North Road has been substantially altered. To some the changes were upgrades, and to others they were bastardisation. Either way there's no escaping the fact that the modern A1 only spends part of its time on the ancient road north, and between London and Newcastle at least, spends most of its time elsewhere running on new bypasses and bits of motorway.

It is probably the most varied and fascinating route on the Motorway Database: there are, if you're sufficiently interested, whole books and websites solely about the A1's history and place in British culture. In terms of highway engineering that variety translates into inconsistency, running the whole way from the single-carriageway rural highway along the Scottish coast to the choked dual carriageway of the Newcastle Western Bypass and the eerily quiet eight-lane motorway that slices incongruously across the Cambridgeshire countryside.

It was always this way. As far back as the 1960s there was strong criticism of the Ministry of Transport's road programme because of the inconsistency with which it chose to make road schemes motorways or normal dual carriageways. Nowhere was this more evident than on the A1, which today is littered with occasional bursts of motorway. In Yorkshire there has been steady progress over the last decade to fill in the gaps and create a continuous and modern motorway route, and works now in progress are pushing the blue line north towards Tyneside. But a few miles south and there have been incredibly budget-conscious works to replace six roundabouts with flyovers at the absolute minimum cost. Inconsistent as ever, in policy as well as appearance.

There is, in short, no single identity to the A1, no one thing that you can say that describes the whole of it, except the glib observation that it's incredibly varied and it always has been. And it's all the more wonderful and fascinating for it.

You're not looking at the whole A1 and A1(M)

This page is about the parts of the A1 and A1(M) that are designated a motorway or that have motorway characteristics. Other sections of this road will not be featured here and will not count towards the length of the road as shown below.

Start
London
End
Edinburgh
Passes
Hatfield, Stevenage, Huntingdon, Peterborough, Stamford, Grantham, Newark-on-Trent, Worksop, Doncaster, Pontefract, Wetherby, Ripon, Scotch Corner, Darlington, Durham, Gateshead, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Morpeth, Alnwick, Berwick-upon-Tweed
Length
380 miles
Open Junctions Section
Jul 1961 J34-38 Doncaster Bypass
May 1962 J6-8 Stevenage Bypass
May 1965 J56-59 Darlington Bypass
Jul 1967 J8-10 Baldock Bypass
Sep 1969 J59-63 Durham Motorway
Apr 1970 J63-65 Birtley Bypass
May 1973 J4-6 Stanborough → Welwyn
May 1979 J1*-2 Cecil Lane → Roestock
Dec 1986 J2-4 Roestock → Stanborough
Nov 1995 J47-49 Walshford → Dishforth
Oct 1998 J14-17 Alconbury → Peterborough
Feb 1999 J44-45 Hook Moor → Bramham
Apr 2005 J46-47 Wetherby → Walshford
Jan 2006 J39-44 Darrington → Hook Moor
Dec 2009 J44-46 Bramham → Wetherby
Apr 2012 J49-51 Dishforth → Leeming Bar

Exit list

NB: this exit list excludes parts of the route that are not of motorway or near-motorway standard and excludes many minor or private accesses to the A1.

Junction   Northbound               Southbound  

Edinburgh
A1
Leith
A199
Newhailes
A199






A1






A199
N/A
LanesLanesLanesLanes SignsSigns LanesLanesLanesLanes Signs
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

Bingham Bingham
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

Newcraighall
Niddrie
A6095
A6095 A6095 Newcraighall
Niddrie
A6095
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

University
LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

Glasgow
Forth Road Bridge
City Bypass
A720 Link
Services Musselburgh
A720 (B6415) Glasgow
Forth Road Bridge
City Bypass
A720 Link
Services Musselburgh
LanesLanesLanesLanes Signs LanesLanesLanesLanes Signs
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

Wallyford
Whitecraig
A6094
A6094 A6094 Wallyford
Whitecraig
A6094
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

Musselburgh
A199
A199 A199 Tranent
A199
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

Prestonpans
Cockenzie
A198
Tranent
B6371
B6371 A198 Prestonpans
Cockenzie
Longniddry
A198
Tranent
B6371
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

Longniddry
Pencaitland
B6363
A199

B6363

A199
B6363 Longniddry
Pencaitland
B6363
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

Haddington
A199
A199
B6471
A199
Haddington
North Berwick
A199
(A6137)
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

Haddington
A199
A199

A6093


A199
Haddington
A199
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

West Barns
North Berwick
A199 (A198)
B6370 A199 West Barns
Dunbar
A199 (A1087)
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, lanes 0 miles, lanes

Road is below standard for 57.5 miles
0 miles, lanes 0 miles, lanes

LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

Alnwick
Longhoughton
B1340
B1340 B1340 Alnwick
Longhoughton
B1340
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

Alnwick
Alnmouth
A1068
A1068 Alnwick
Alnmouth
Ashington
A1068
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, lanes 0 miles, lanes

Road is below standard for 14 miles
0 miles, lanes 0 miles, lanes

Coldstream
Wooler
A697

A697
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

Morpeth
Ashington
A197 (A192)
A197
(A192)
Morpeth
Ashington
A197 (A192)
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, lanes

Morpeth
Ashington
LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

Stannington Station
LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

Stannington
Stannington Station
Stannington
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

Shotton
LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
80
Tynemouth
Tyne Tunnel
Cramlington
A19
A19 Tynemouth
Tyne Tunnel
Cramlington
A19
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
79
Wide Open
Killingworth
Great Park
A1056
Gosforth B1318
A1056

B1318
Wide Open
Killingworth
Great Park
A1056
Gosforth B1318
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
78
Kingston Park
Fawdon
Kingston Park
Fawdon
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
77
Jedburgh & Airport
A696
City Centre
A167
B6918

A696
A167 Jedburgh & Airport
A696
City Centre
A167
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
76
Blakelaw
Westerhope
B6324
B6324 B6324 Blakelaw
Westerhope
B6324
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
75
Hexham
A69
City (West) A186
A69 A186 Hexham
A69
City (West) A186
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
74
(A695)
(A6085)
City Centre
Blaydon
A695
Newburn A6085
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, lanes

River or canal Tyne River or canal Tyne
0 miles, lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
73
Blaydon
Consett
A694

A694
(B6317)
A694 Consett A694
Whickham
Swalwell
(B6317)
LanesLanesLanesLanes Signs LanesLanesLanesLanes Signs
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
72
Swalwell
Whickham
B6317
(B6317)
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
71
Metro Centre Metro Centre
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
70
Dunston
Whickham
Dunston
Whickham
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
69
Gateshead
Newcastle (Cen)
A184
A184 Gateshead
Newcastle (Cen)
A184
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 4 lanes 0 miles, 4 lanes
68
Consett A692
Whickham (B6317)
Teams B1426
A692

B1426

Consett A692
Team Valley B1426
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
67
Team Valley Team Valley
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
66
Gateshead (S)
A167
Birtley
A1627
A6127 A167


B1295
Gateshead (S)
A167
Birtley
A1627
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes Signs LanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanes Signs
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
65
53/8 D km
Tyne Tunnel
South Shields
A194(M) Link
B1288


A1231

A194(M)
Washington
Sunderland
A1231
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanes Signs LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes Signs
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
64
52/0 D km
Washington
A195
Services Washington
(A195) Washington
A195
Services Washington
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
63
49/6 D km
Chester-le-Street
A167
Stanley
A693
A693

A167


A183
Chester-le-Street
A167
Stanley
A693
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
62
40/4 D km
Durham
Sunderland
A690
A690 A690 Durham
A690
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
61
33/0 D km
Spennymoor A688
Durham A177
Services Durham
A177

A688
A688 Bishop Auckland
Spennymoor
A688
Services Durham
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
60
23/6 D km
Hartlepool
Ferryhill
A689
A689 A689 Newton Aycliffe
Hartlepool
A689
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
59
15/3 D km
Newton Aycliffe
A167
A167 A167 Darlington
Stockton
A167
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
58
11/5 D km
Shildon
Bishop Auckland
A68
A68 A68 Darlington
A68
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, lanes
57
4/5 D km
Darlington
Stockton
A66(M) Link
A66(M)
LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
56
0/0 D km
Piercebridge
B6275
Barton A6055
B6275 A6055 Piercebridge
B6275
Barton A6055
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
53
132 km
Penrith
Brough
A66
Richmond (A6108)
Services Scotch Corner

A66

A6055
(A6108)
A6055



Penrith
Brough
A66
Richmond (A6108)
Services Scotch Corner
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
52
129.1 km
Catterick
Richmond
A6055 (A6136)
A6055
(A6136)
A6055 Richmond
Catterick
A6055 (A6136)
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
51
119.5 km
Northallerton
Leeming Bar
Bedale
A684
A6055
A684
A6055
A684 Northallerton
Leeming Bar
Bedale
A684
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
50
103.2 km
Ripon
Thirsk
A61
A6055

A61
A61 Ripon
Harrogate
Thirsk
A61
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
49
94.8 km
Thirsk
Teesside
A168 (A19)

A168
(A19)

A168
Dishforth
A168
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
48
86.8 km
Boroughbridge
Ripon
Dishforth
A6055 (A168)
A6055 A168


A168
Boroughbridge
A168
Knaresborough
A6055
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
47
78.7 km
York
Knaresborough
Harrogate
A59
A59 A168

A59

A168
York
Harrogate
Knaresborough
A59
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
46
71.1 km
Wetherby
York
B1224
Services Wetherby
(A168) B1224 Wetherby
York
B1224
Services Wetherby
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, lanes

River or canal Wharfe River or canal Wharfe
0 miles, lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
45
64.5 km
Wetherby
Boston Spa
Otley
A659
A661


A659
A659 Wetherby
Boston Spa
Otley
A659
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
44
58.5 km
Leeds
York
A64 Link
A64 A64 Leeds
York
A64 Link
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 4 lanes 0 miles, 4 lanes

56 km
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 5 lanes 0 miles, 5 lanes
43
55.2 km
M1 The SOUTH
Wakefield
Leeds
Manchester (M62 Link)
M1 Link
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
42
46.5 km
Leeds
Selby
A63
A63 A63 Leeds
Selby
A63
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
41
40.7 km
Leeds
Manchester
M62 Link
M62










M62
Hull
Goole
Manchester
Pontefract
M62 Link
LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 3 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes
40
36.6 km
Hull
Goole
Knottingley
A162 (M62 Link)
A162
(M62)
LanesLanesLanesLanes Signs LanesLanesLanesLanesLanesLanes Signs
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 3 lanes

296.7 km
Darrington
Womersley
Darrington
Womersley
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, lanes

295.1 km
Darrington
Wentbridge
B6474
B6474
LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

293 km
Wentbridge
Kirk Smeaton
B6474
B6474 Wentbridge
Kirk Smeaton
B6474
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

290.8 km
Services Barnsdale Bar Services Barnsdale Bar
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

289.6 km
Pontefract
A639
Campsall
Askern
A639 Campsall
Askern
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

286.2 km
Hampole B1220 Skellow
B1220
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
38
24.1 km
South Elmsall
Ackworth
Wakefield
A638
A638 A638 Doncaster
South Elmsall
Ackworth
A638
LanesLanesLanesLanes Signs LanesLanesLanesLanes Signs
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
37
20.2 km
Barnsley
Thurnscoe
A635
A635 A635 Barnsley
Thurnscoe
A635
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
36
14.9 km
Doncaster
Doncaster Railport
A630
A630 A630 Doncaster Railport
Conisbrough
A630
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
35
12.0 km
Hull
Scunthorpe
Humberside Airport
M18 Link
(M62 Link, M180 Link)
M18
(M1)
M18
(M62)
(M180)
The SOUTH
Sheffield
Rotherham
M18 Link
(M1 Link)
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes
34
0.0 km
Robin Hood Airport
Bawtry
A614
Services Blyth
B6045



A614



Robin Hood Airport
Gainsborough
(A631) Bawtry A614
Services Blyth
LanesLanesLanesLanes Signs LanesLanesLanesLanes Signs
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, lanes

141.7 km
Blyth
A634
A634
LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

138.6 km
Bilby Ranby Hall
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

135.5 km
Retford
Ranby
A620
B6079 A620 Retford
Ranby
A620
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

133 km
Worksop
Sheffield A57
Ollerton
Nottingham A614
Babworth B6420
A57

A614
B6420 Worksop
Sheffield A57
Ollerton
Nottingham A614
Babworth B6420
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

Elkesley
Ordsall
Crookford
Elkesley
Ordsall
Crookford
LanesLanesLanesLanes Signs LanesLanesLanesLanes Signs
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, lanes

127.7 km
Elkesley
LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

127 km
Retford
Ollerton
Gamston
B6387
B6387 B6387 Retford
Ollerton
Gamston
B6387
LanesLanesLanesLanes Signs LanesLanesLanesLanes Signs
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

124.3 km
Lincoln
East Markham
A57
Retford A638
Services Markham Moor


B1164
A638

A57
Lincoln
East Markham
A57
Retford A638
Services Markham Moor
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

120.5 km
Tuxford
Ollerton
A6075
B1164
A6075


A6075

B1164
Tuxford
A6075
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

111.7 km
Carlton-on-Trent
Sutton-on-Trent
B1164
B1164 Carlton-on-Trent
Sutton-on-Trent
B1164
LanesLanesLanesLanes LanesLanesLanesLanes
0 miles, 2 lanes 0 miles, 2 lanes

109.7 km
Cromwell